Using Incremental Dynamic Analysis to Visualize the Effects of Viscous Fluid Dampers on Steel Moment Frame Drift
Kruep, Stephanie Jean
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This thesis presents the details of a study regarding both the use of linear viscous fluid dampers in controlling the interstory drift in steel moment frames, and the use of incremental dynamic analysis as a method of visualizing the behavior of these moment frames when subjected to seismic load effects. Models of three story and nine story steel moment frames were designed to meet typical strength requirements for office buildings in Seattle, Washington. These models were intentionally designed to violate seismic interstory drift restrictions to test the ability of the linear viscous fluid dampers to reduce these drifts to the point of code compliance. Dampers were included in one bay of every story in each model. These devices were used to produce total structural damping ratios of 5%, 10%, 20%, and 30% of critical. Undamped, traditional stiffness controlled models of both three stories and nine stories were also created for comparison purposes. Incremental dynamic analysis was used to subject these models to ten ground motions, each scaled to twenty incremental levels. Two new computer applications were written to facilitate this process. The results of these analyses were studied to determine if the linear viscous fluid dampers were able to cause compliance with codified drift limits. Also, incremental dynamic analysis plots were created to examine the effects of the dampers on structural behavior as damping increased from inherent to 30% of critical. It was found that including linear viscous fluid dampers in steel moment frame design can satisfactorily control interstory drift, and incremental dynamic analysis is a beneficial tool in visualizing dynamic structural behavior.
- Masters Theses