Baicalein, a novel anti-diabetic compound
MetadataShow full item record
Both in type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), the deterioration of glycemic control over time is primarily caused by an inadequate mass and progressive dysfunction of ?-cells, leading to the impaired insulin secretion. Thus, the search for agents to protect b-cell and enhance its function is important for diabetes treatment. Studies have reported that baicalein, a flavone originally isolated from the roots of Chinese herb Scutellaria baicalensis, has various claimed beneficial effects on health, such as anti-oxidant, anti-viral, anti-thrombotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, it is unclear whether it exerts an anti-diabetic action. Here, we present evidence that baicalein may be a novel anti-diabetic agent. Specifically, dietary intake of baicalein significantly improved hyperglycemia, glucose tolerance, and blood insulin levels in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed middle-aged diabetic mice, which was associated with the improved isle t?-cell survival and mass. Baicalein treatment had no effect on food intake, body weight gain, circulating lipid profile, and insulin sensitivity in HFD-fed mice. In in-vitro studies, baicalein significantly augmented glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in insulin-secreting cells (INS1) and promotes viability of INS1 cells and human islets. These results demonstrate that baicalein may be a naturally occurring anti-diabetic agent by directly modulating pancreatic?-cell function.
- Masters Theses