Development of High-Speed Camera Techniques for Droplet Measurement in Annular Flows

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Virginia Tech


This research addresses the critical need for precise two-phase flow data in the development of computer simulation models, with a specific focus on the annular flow regime's droplet behavior. The study aims to contribute to the evaluation of safety and efficiency in nuclear reactors that handle fluids transitioning between liquid and gas states for thermal energy transport. Central to the investigation is the collection and analysis of droplet size and velocity distribution data, particularly to help with developing models for the water-cooled nuclear power plants. The experimental setup employs advanced tools, including a high-speed camera, lens, teleconverter, and a selected light source, to capture high-resolution images of droplets. Calibration procedures, incorporating depth of field testing, are implemented to ensure accurate droplet size measurements. A critical component of the research is the introduction of a droplet identification program, developed using Matlab, which facilitates efficient processing of experimental data. Preliminary results from the Virginia Tech test facility demonstrate the system's capability to eliminate out-of-focus droplets and obtain precise droplet data in a reasonable amount of time. Experimental results from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute test facility provide droplet size and velocity distributions for a variety of annular flow conditions. This facility has a concurrent two-flow system that pumps air and water at different rates through a 9.525 mm inner diameter tube. The conditions tested include gas superficial velocities ranging from 22 to 40 m/s and liquid superficial velocities ranging from 0.09 to 0.44 m/s. The measured flow has a temperature of 21°C and a pressure of 1 atm.



annular regime, depth-of-field, droplet, high-speed camera, two-phase flow