Peroxidative protection of parenteral admixture by d-α-tocopherol and its effect on oxidative status of obese cats

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Virginia Tech


High lipid : low dextrose (HL:LD) parenteral admixture (PA) is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) that are sensitive to peroxidation. This study evaluated the antioxidative effect of vitamin E in both HL:LD PA and in obese cats given HL:LD PA. Natural d-α-tocopherol (Vital E-300) was added to HL:LD PA at seven concentrations (8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 48, or 64 IU/g of lipid). PA were exposed to fluorescent light for 24 hours at room temperature. Hydroperoxides were measured at baseline and 24 hours hang time. Significantly lower hydroperoxide concentrations were found with > 24 IU/g of lipid at baseline (P < 0.01). A higher d-α-tocopherol concentration was required (> 48 IU/g lipid) to lower hydroperoxides at 24 hours (P < 0.0001). HL:LD PA with 40 IU/g lipid/day d-α-tocopherol was delivered intravenously to obese cats (PA Toc⁺) over 48 hours. Control cats (PA Toc⁻) received HL:LD PA without a d-α-tocopherol supplementation. Oxidative status of cats was evaluated at baseline and 24, 48, and 96 hours. Cats in both groups exhibited an increase in MDA concentration (time effect; P < 0.0001). WBC-tGSH and WBC-GPx did not change in either group of cats. RBC-tGSH and RBC-GPx changed over time (time effects; P = 0.0005; P = 0.0016, respectively) with the PA Toc⁺ cats exhibiting a higher RBC-tGSH concentration (treatment x time interaction; P = 0.012). Serum α- and γ-tocopherol concentrations increased in PA Toc⁺ cats (treatment effect; P < 0.0001). These findings suggest that d-α-tocopherol significantly alters oxidative status in vivo.



lipid peroxidation, vitamin E, Obesity, feline, parenteral nutrition