Vehicle Sprung Mass Parameter Estimation Using an Adaptive Polynomial-Chaos Method

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Virginia Tech

The polynomial-chaos expansion (PCE) approach to modeling provides an estimate of the probabilistic response of a dynamic system with uncertainty in the system parameters. A novel adaptive parameter estimation method exploiting the polynomial-chaos representation of a general quarter-car model is presented. Because the uncertainty was assumed to be concentrated in the sprung mass parameter, a novel pseudo mass matrix was developed for generating the state-space PCE model. In order to implement the PCE model in a real-time adaptation routine, a novel technique for representing PCE output equations was also developed. A simple parameter estimation law based on the output error between measured accelerations and PCE acceleration estimates was developed and evaluated through simulation and experiment. Simulation results of the novel adaptation algorithm demonstrate the estimation convergence properties as well as its limitations. The simulation results are further verified by a real-time experimental implementation on a quarter-car test rig. This work presents the first truly real-time implementation of a PCE model. The experimental real-time implementation of the novel adaptive PCE estimation method shows promising results by its ability to converge and maintain a stable estimate of the unknown parameter.

Polynomial-Chaos, adaptive parameter estimation, adaptive control, uncertainty propagation, stochastic modeling