Realization of a Measuring Device for Recordning the Relative Movement between Residual Limb and Prosthetic Socket
Relative motion between residual limb and prosthetic socket is an indication of poor fit. Both the fabrication and fitting processes are highly subjective and a favorable result depends upon the technician's expertise. Although numerous methods exist to measure the relative motion, all have limitations and are not well suited for clinical use. A measurement system using optical sensors has been proposed by students at the Technische Universität Darmstadt and evaluations of a functional model have yielded promising results. In this thesis, the existing functional model is improved and expanded to use an array of sensors. A new microcontroller is selected and incorporated into the system. The software and data communication are optimized for fast, reliable performance and the system is then evaluated on a test rig to determine favorable calibration settings and quantify performance. System frequencies up to 1299 Hz are achieved. It is found that the surface microstructure has a dominant effect over short measurement distances; calibrations performed over longer distances are to be preferred. For the chosen calibration factors, the greatest relative errors over a 40 mm distance are found to be 0.90% ± 0.51% in the X direction and -4.76% ± 1.61% in the Y-direction. A systematic drift is also identified. The final system accommodates up to eight sensors and is controlled from a feature-rich MATLAB GUI.