Applying Reservoir Computing for Driver Behavior Analysis and Traffic Flow Prediction in Intelligent Transportation Systems

dc.contributor.authorSethi, Sanchiten
dc.contributor.committeechairYi, Yangen
dc.contributor.committeechairWalling, Jeffrey Seanen
dc.contributor.committeememberBall, Arthur Huguesen
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical and Computer Engineeringen
dc.description.abstractIn the realm of autonomous vehicles, ensuring safety through advanced anomaly detection is crucial. This thesis integrates Reservoir Computing with temporal-aware data analysis to enhance driver behavior assessment and traffic flow prediction. Our approach combines Reservoir Computing with autoencoder-based feature extraction to analyze driving metrics from vehicle sensors, capturing complex temporal patterns efficiently. Additionally, we extend our analysis to forecast traffic flow dynamics within road networks using the same framework. We evaluate our model using the PEMS-BAY and METRA-LA datasets, encompassing diverse traffic scenarios, along with a GPS dataset of 10,000 taxis, providing real-world driving dynamics. Through a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm, we categorize drivers based on their performance, offering insights for tailored anomaly detection strategies. This research advances anomaly detection for autonomous vehicles, promoting safer driving experiences and the evolution of vehicle safety technologies. By integrating Reservoir Computing with temporal-aware data analysis, this thesis contributes to both driver behavior assessment and traffic flow prediction, addressing critical aspects of autonomous vehicle systems.en
dc.description.abstractgeneralOur cities are constantly growing, and traffic congestion is a major challenge. This project explores how innovative technology can help us predict traffic patterns and develop smarter management strategies. Inspired by the rigorous safety systems being developed for self-driving cars, we'll delve into the world of machine learning. By combining advanced techniques for identifying unusual traffic patterns with tools that analyze data over time, we'll gain a deeper understanding of traffic flow and driver behavior. We'll utilize data collected by car sensors, such as speed and turning patterns, to not only predict traffic jams but also see how drivers react in different situations. However, our project has a broader scope than just traffic flow. We aim to leverage this framework to understand driver behavior in general, with a particular focus on its implications for self-driving vehicles. Through meticulous data analysis and sophisticated algorithms, we can categorize drivers based on their performance. This valuable information can be used to develop improved methods for detecting risky situations, ultimately leading to safer roads and smoother traffic flow for everyone. To ensure the effectiveness of our approach, we'll rigorously test it using real-world data from GPS data from taxi fleets and nationally recognized traffic datasets. By harnessing the power of machine learning and tools that can adapt to changing data patterns, this project has the potential to revolutionize traffic management in cities. This paves the way for a future with safer roads, less congestion, and a more positive experience for everyone who lives in and travels through our bustling urban centers.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Internationalen
dc.subjectecho-state networksen
dc.subjectreservoir computingen
dc.subjectintelligent transportation systemsen
dc.subjectautonomous vehiclesen
dc.subjecttraffic flow predictionen
dc.subjectdriver behavior classificationen
dc.subjecttrajectory prediction.en
dc.titleApplying Reservoir Computing for Driver Behavior Analysis and Traffic Flow Prediction in Intelligent Transportation Systemsen
dc.typeThesisen Engineeringen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen of Scienceen


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