Photoluminescence quantum efficiency of Er optical centers in GaN epilayers

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Springer Nature

We report the quantum efficiency of photoluminescence processes of Er optical centers as well as the thermal quenching mechanism in GaN epilayers prepared by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. High resolution infrared spectroscopy and temperature dependence measurements of photoluminescence intensity from Er ions in GaN under resonant excitation excitations were performed. Data provide a picture of the thermal quenching processes and activation energy levels. By comparing the photoluminescence from Er ions in the epilayer with a reference sample of Er-doped SiO2, we find that the fraction of Er ions that emits photon at 1.54 mu m upon a resonant optical excitation is approximately 68%. This result presents a significant step in the realization of GaN: Er epilayers as an optical gain medium at 1.54 mu m.

earth-doped gan, fiber amplifiers, implanted gan, excitation, erbium, si, semiconductors, silicon, ions