Research Note: Intestinal morphology and gene expression changes in broilers supplemented with lysolecithin

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Lysolecithin is used as a feed additive to aid fat digestion and absorption in broiler chickens. Previous research has shown that dietary fat source influences how broilers respond to lysolecithin supplementation. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of lysolecithin on a diet formulated with soybean oil on jejunum morphology and expression of selected genes in broiler chickens. Male Cobb 500 chickens were fed a Control diet or the Control diet supplemented with lysolecithin (TRT) from day of hatch to day 28. Jejunal samples were collected at day 10 for morphological and gene expression analysis. Feeding the TRT diet did not affect BW, villus height (VH), crypt depth (CD) or VH/CD ratio compared to Control fed chickens. Differential gene expression in the jejunum was analyzed using a custom microarray. Using a t test, 36 genes were found to be upregulated in TRT fed chickens compared to chickens fed the Control diet. The two most upregulated genes were carbonic anhydrase VII and interleukin 8-like 2, which are associated with healthy intestines. In summary, lysolecithin supplementation in a diet formulated with soybean oil caused no morphological changes but upregulated a number of genes in the jejunum.



Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science, Agriculture, soybean oil, lysolecithin, jejunum, gene expression, broiler chickens, GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT, FAT, 0605 Microbiology, 0702 Animal Production, 0908 Food Sciences, Dairy & Animal Science