Predicting Motion of Engine-Ingested Particles Using Deep Neural Networks

dc.contributor.authorBowman, Travis Lynnen
dc.contributor.committeechairPalmore, John A., Jr.en
dc.contributor.committeememberLowe, Kevin T.en
dc.contributor.committeememberTafti, Danesh K.en
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical Engineeringen
dc.description.abstractThe ultimate goal of this work is to facilitate the design of gas turbine engine particle separators by reducing the computational expense to accurately simulate the fluid flow and particle motion inside the separator. It has been well-documented that particle ingestion yields many detrimental impacts for gas turbine engines. The consequences of ice particle ingestion can range from surface-wear abrasion to engine power loss. It is known that sufficiently small particles, characterized by small particle response times (τp), closely follow the fluid trajectory whereas large particles deviate from the streamlines. Rather than manually deriving how the particle acceleration varies from the fluid acceleration, this work chooses to implicitly derive this relationship using machine learning (ML). Inertial particle separators are devices designed to remove particles from the engine intake flow, which contributes to both elongating the lifespan and promoting safer operation of aviation gas turbine engines. Complex flows, such as flow through a particle separator, naturally have rotation and strain present throughout the flow field. This study attempts to understand if the motion of particles within rotational and strained canonical flows can be accurately predicted using supervised ML. This report suggests that preprocessing the ML training data to the fluid streamline coordinates can improve model training. ML models were developed for predicting particle acceleration in laminar, fully rotational/irrotational flows and combined laminar flows with rotation and strain. Lastly, the ML model is applied to particle data extracted from a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study of particle-laden flow around a louver-geometry. However, the model trained with particle data from combined canonical flows fails to accurately predict particle accelerations in the CFD flow field.en
dc.description.abstractgeneralAviation gas turbine engine particle ingestion is known to reduce engine lifespans and even pose a threat to safe operation in the worst case. Particles being ingested into an engine can be modeled using multiphase flow techniques. Devices called inertial particle separators are designed to remove particles from the flow into the engine. One challenge with designing such a separator is figuring out how to efficiently expel the small particles from the flow while not unnecessarily increasing pressure loss with excessive twists and turns in the geometry. Designers usually have to develop such geometries using multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) that solve the fluid and particle dynamics. The abundance of data associated with CFD, and especially multiphase flows make it an ideal application to study with machine learning (ML). Because such multiphase simulations are very computationally expensive, it is desirable to develop "cheaper" methods. This is the long term goal of this work; we want to create ML surrogates that decrease the computational cost of simulating the particle and fluid flow in particle separator geometries such that designs can be iterated more quickly. In this work we introduce how artificial neural networks (ANNs), which are a tool used in ML, can be used to predict particle acceleration in fluid flow. The ANNs are shown to learn the acceleration predictions with acceptable accuracy for the training data generated with canonical flow cases. However, the ML model struggles to become generalizable to actual CFD simulations.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subjectparticle separatorsen
dc.subjectcanonical flowsen
dc.subjectflow decompositionen
dc.titlePredicting Motion of Engine-Ingested Particles Using Deep Neural Networksen
dc.typeThesisen Engineeringen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen of Scienceen


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