Evaluation and Analysis on the Effect of Power Module Architecture on Common Mode Electromagnetic Interference


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Virginia Tech


Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductor devices are becoming increasing popular in power electronics applications. However, WBG semiconductor devices generate a substantial amount of conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI) compared to silicon (Si) devices due to their ability to operate at higher switching frequencies, higher operating voltages and faster slew rates. This thesis explores and analyzes EMI mitigation techniques that can be applied to a power module architecture at the packaging level.

In this thesis, the EMI footprint of four different module architectures is measured experimentally. A time domain LTspice simulation model of the experimental test setup is then built. The common mode (CM) EMI emissions that escape the baseplate of the module into the converter is then examined through the simulation. The simulation is used to explore the CM noise footprint of eight additional module architectures that were found in literature. The EMI trends and the underlying mitigation principle for the twelve modules is explained by highlighting key differences in the architectures using common mode equivalent modelling and substitution and superposition theorem. The work aims to help future module designers by not only comparing the EMI performance of the majority of module architectures available in literature but by also providing an analysis methodology that can be used to understand the EMI behavior of any new module architecture that has not been discussed. Although silicon carbide (SiC) modules are used for this study, the results are applicable for any WBG device.



Conducted electromagnetic interference, Electromagnetic interference, Semiconductor packaging, Wide band gap power semiconductor devices, Silicon carbide (SiC), Power Electronics, EMI analysis at device packaging level, Common Mode Equivalent EMI modelling, Module Architecture Evaluation