Review of vehicle hydroplaning and tire-pavement interactions
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This paper deals with the review of vehicle hydroplaning. The physics of hydroplaning, factors influencing hydroplaning and effective methods for preventing hydroplaning have been discussed. Tire tread pattern and pavement grooving are the widely used methods to curb hydroplaning. The paper discusses the work carried out by researchers on studying the effectiveness of both methods. A systematic comparison of the two methods has been presented and the advantage of each has been outlined. Computational methods for simulating hydroplaning tests have also been discussed. Future scope in hydroplaning research involving mapped terrain-treaded tire interactions, improved fluid structure interaction formulations and intelligent tire systems have also been discussed.