The Effect of Binaural Beats on Visuospatial Working Memory and Cortical Connectivity

dc.contributor.authorBeauchene, Christineen
dc.contributor.authorAbaid, Nicoleen
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Rosalyn J.en
dc.contributor.authorDiana, Rachelen
dc.contributor.authorLeonessa, Alexanderen
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical Engineeringen
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-27T20:36:06Zen
dc.date.available2017-02-27T20:36:06Zen
dc.date.issued2016-11-28en
dc.description.abstractBinaural beats utilize a phenomenon that occurs within the cortex when two different frequencies are presented separately to each ear. This procedure produces a third phantom binaural beat, whose frequency is equal to the difference of the two presented tones and which can be manipulated for non-invasive brain stimulation. The effects of binaural beats on working memory, the system in control of temporary retention and online organization of thoughts for successful goal directed behavior, have not been well studied. Furthermore, no studies have evaluated the effects of binaural beats on brain connectivity during working memory tasks. In this study, we determined the effects of different acoustic stimulation conditions on participant response accuracy and cortical network topology, as measured by EEG recordings, during a visuospatial working memory task. Three acoustic stimulation control conditions and three binaural beat stimulation conditions were used: None, Pure Tone, Classical Music, 5Hz binaural beats, 10Hz binaural beats, and 15Hz binaural beats. We found that listening to 15Hz binaural beats during a visuospatial working memory task not only increased the response accuracy, but also modified the strengths of the cortical networks during the task. The three auditory control conditions and the 5Hz and 10Hz binaural beats all decreased accuracy. Based on graphical network analyses, the cortical activity during 15Hz binaural beats produced networks characteristic of high information transfer with consistent connection strengths throughout the visuospatial working memory task.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.extent? - ? (20) page(s)en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166630en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.issue11en
dc.identifier.orcidDiana, RA [0000-0002-9496-0971]en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/75191en
dc.identifier.volume11en
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.publisherPLOSen
dc.relation.urihttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000389472400036&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=930d57c9ac61a043676db62af60056c1en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectsteady-state responsesen
dc.subjectphase synchronizationen
dc.subjectauditory beatsen
dc.subjecttheta oscillationsen
dc.subjecteeg activityen
dc.subjectbrainen
dc.subjectcortexen
dc.subjectgammaen
dc.subjecttasken
dc.subjectfrequencyen
dc.titleThe Effect of Binaural Beats on Visuospatial Working Memory and Cortical Connectivityen
dc.title.serialPLOS ONEen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Engineeringen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Engineering/Biomedical Engineering and Mechanicsen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Engineering/COE T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Engineering/Mechanical Engineeringen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Scienceen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Science/COS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Science/Psychologyen
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